Composition of Taurine
Taurine is a naturally occurring chemical compound found within animals as well as humans. It is produced from cysteine, an amino acid which contains sulfur. Taurine is considered as an organic acid and a sulfonic acid.
Taurine is found abundantly in healthy bodies. However, certain diets, particularly vegetarian or vegan diets, lack adequate amounts of taurine.
Significant levels of taurine are found in bile and lower intestines where the digestion of foods takes place. There are also concentrations of taurine on other body areas like the heart, particularly in the cardiac muscles, skeletal muscles and white blood cells. Traces of taurine are also seen in the central nervous system.
Aging bodies often cannot internally produce enough taurine.
Health Benefits of Taurine
Taurine promotes cardiovascular health, insulin sensitivity, electrolyte balance, hearing function, and immune modulation.
Taurine has many fundamental biological roles, such as conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation, osmoregulation, membrane stabilization, and modulation of calcium signaling. It is essential for cardiovascular function, and development and function of skeletal muscle, the retina, and the central nervous system.
History of Taurine
Taurine is named after the Latin taurus which means bull or ox. It was first isolated from ox bile in 1827 by German scientists Friedrich Tiedemann and Leopold Gmelin. Taurine is a common additive to energy drinks.